during the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, has made the task of New Mexico's
historians extremely difficult and given rise to numerous controversies.
With the declaration of war against Spain, President McKinley
called on New Mexico, April 23, 1898, for its quota of 340 volunteer
cavalrymen for service in Cuba as Rough Riders under Colonel Leonard
Wood and Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt. In eight days the
entire quota was mustered into service. The Rough Riders landed near
Santiago on June 22, in time for action two days later at Las Guasimas,
the first engagement in Cuba. At El Caney and San Juan they won
brilliant victories. Leaving Cuba August 7, they were discharged from
service September 15.
New Mexico's capitol building now in use was completed and dedi-
cated June 4, 1900, at Santa Fe.
Floods occurring on the Mimbres River, Grant County, August 29,
1902, rendered hundreds homeless, causing the Governor to ask public
aid. During September and October two years later, the most disas-
trous floods in New Mexico's history took a toll of many lives and
demoralized railroad traffic for two months.
A milestone in educational development was reached in 1909 when
the United States War Department classed the New Mexico Military
Institute as "distinguished," this being the first national recognition ac-
corded one of the territory's educational institutions. Oil was discov-
ered during the same year in encouraging amounts in a well near Day-
ton, Eddy County.
New Mexico's attempt to attain statehood was blocked again in
1906, when proposed joint statehood with Arizona was submitted to
Congress and rejected by the people of Arizona. The Territory's long
struggle culminated successfully, however, when Congress passed the
Enabling Act and it was signed June 20, 1910, by President Taft.
The Enabling Act provided for the admission of New Mexico and
Arizona into the Union as separate States after each had adopted State
constitutions. New Mexico lost no time in calling a convention of 100
members to draw up a State constitution. It was completed November
21, and adopted by the people January 21, 1911) but fell short of Fed-
eral requirements for admittance to statehood.
Certain constitutional changes asked for by Congress and President
Taft, in August, 1911, were duly made; and, on January 6, 1912, New
Mexico was admitted as a State into the Union—the 47th State. On
January 15, William C. McDonald was inaugurated first State Gov-