Annual Events: Easter Sunrise Service, Albuquerque Choral Club, University
Stadium, Villagra Ave.; Easter Egg Hunt, Easter morning, Rio Grande Park,
S. 14th St.; Pioneer Days' Celebration; Satiric Art Ball, Albuquerque Society of
Artists, Carlyle Gymnasium, Villagra Ave.; Fiesta de San Felipe de Neri, Old
Albuquerque Plaza; Fall Festival and State Fair; Indian dances and cere-
monials in nearby pueblos.

ALBUQUERQUE (pronounced Al-boo-kur-keh, 4,943 alt., 35.378
pop.), New Mexico's largest city and principal banking, industrial, rail-
road, and air lines center, owes much of its commercial development to
an equable climate and to the rich timber, mineral, and agricultural re-
sources in its vicinity. The population figures are taken from the 1940
census returns.

In the fertile valley of the Rio Grande, where the river sweeps in
a broad curve from the north, the city is flanked east and west by
tawny mesas and blue mountains. Fifteen miles to the east the Sandia
Mountains rise 6,000 feet above the surrounding mesas to form the
eastern ramparts of the valley. To the west, beyond the Rio Grande,
snow-capped Cebolleta (Mt. Taylor) reaches an altitude of 11,389
feet. Nearer the city, to the northwest, five extinct volcanic cones
accent the horizon. Other ranges northward and to the south are dis-
tantly visible above the reaches of the valley.

There are two Albuquerques, the old and the new. Old Albuquer-
que, locally called Old Town, the third villa established by the Spanish
after their conquest of the province of Nuevo Mejico in the sixteenth
century and their reconquest in the seventeenth, was the center of the
trade, religion, and culture of the Spanish Province for almost two
hundred years, and it still retains much of the color of this earlier
leisurely period. The new Albuquerque, today's modern business sec-
tion, is less than sixty years old, but already it serves a wide trade area
and is brisk with transcontinental traffic. The two places, so different
in tempo and appearance, are joined by Central Avenue (US 66), where
the architecture from Old Town eastward to the business district
records the periods through which the towns have passed, from the low
squat adobe Provincial days, through the Victorian era, to the modern
downtown skyscraper.

Cottonwoods, tamarisks, and poplars line miles of streets and park-
ways squarely laid out; parks are numerous and neat. There are many
beautiful houses with patios and broad landscaped lawns and gardens.
In various sections an effort has been made to harmonize modern struc-
tures with a semblance of territorial or Spanish-Pueblo design. The
newer suburban districts and part of the business section follow this
trend, though sometimes at the expense of unity of style. The older
districts often have row after row of adobe, stucco, and brick homes.
Frame dwellings are comparatively rare, and buildings are usually one
or two stories in height, although in the business sections higher struc-
tures break the skyline.

The streets of Old Town and the outlying districts are lined with
ancient flat-roofed houses typical of an earlier day. The plan of Old