PASS (9,038 alt.) is the tree containing the arrows. The highway
enters Taos County and continues down into TAOS CANYON in
another series of hairpin turns, passing through the settlement of GUS-
DORF, 84.6 m., a village of 50 inhabitants.
The highway crosses a section of the CARSON NATIONAL
FOREST. Here along Taos Creek four public campgrounds (L) are
maintained by the Forest Service, providing water, wood, and sanitary
facilities for free camping.
CAftON, 96.6 m. (7,100 alt., 546 pop.), at the head of Taos Val-
ley, is one of the oldest Spanish-American settlements in the valley,
settled between 1700 and 1725. The site was chosen because of the
abundance of water and because it was outside the boundaries of the
Taos Pueblo Indian Land. TAOS PEAK (12,282 alt.) visible (R.) is
referred to as the Sacred Mountain by the Taos Pueblo Indians, whose
pueblo is at its base. The road leads across the valley through well-
TAOS, 98.7 m. (7,050 alt., 1,847 pop.). (see Taos).
Pojoaque—San Ildefonso—Otowi—Frijoles Canyon (Bandelier Na-
tional Monument)—Valle Grande—Cuba; 79.3 m., NM 4 and NM
Graveled road with steep grades and sharp curves; arroyos dangerous in flood
Accommodations at Otowi and Frijoles Canyon.
Route intersects Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad at Otowi.
Along this route is a visual record of the ages written in the land
itself; multiformed stone, volcanic thrusts, mesa lands, wind- and
water-gouged canyons, and the rugged mountains are vestiges of the
time, eons ago, when the violent earth outlined its contour. Another
chapter of a later day when this area was peopled is found in the ruins
of dwellings atop high plateaus, in caves, and in carvings on cliffs.
In the Indian pueblos, of early origin but still occupied, is pre-
served the mode of living found by the conquering Spaniard 400 years
ago. Along the arroyo banks are ranchitos with adobe houses, juniper-
post corrals, and barns similar to those of the Spanish colonists who first
established them. These, together with larger haciendas of later
Americans, make the contemporary scene. Tuff cliffs and mesa table-
lands; monumental natural carvings resembling cathedrals, or cubistic