Trampas, to the Parish of Picuris. In March 1772 another archive
records the requests of the villagers for 12 muskets and powder and pro-
tection from the Comanche. "Denied" is written in answer to both
requests. The walls of the adobe houses here are unusually thick
(Truchas is a very cold place in winter); and handsome, hand-carved
doors are numerous. There is a small Roman Catholic mission of early
days and a Presbyterian Church and mission training school. Behind
the village rise the TRUCHAS PEAKS. From Truchas on a clear
day are visible the La Plata Mountains 150 miles away in southern
Colorado; the JEMEZ RANGE and the PEDERNAL (9,857 alt.)
to the west; SANDIAS, 75 miles to the southwest; and MT. TAY-
LOR, 150 miles south of west. Spread below is the entire Tewa world
and a magnificent panorama of the Rio Grande Valley.
Numerous trails lead out from Truchas into the CARSON NA-
TIONAL FOREST (good hunting and fishing). East of Truchas,
a rougher and more erratic road leads into and through the Forest, and
another, north, runs over mountain trails and across canyons to Tram-
pas (see Tour 8a)—a very difficult and dangerous road, not to be
undertaken except under the best conditions and then only by those
experienced in mountain driving. It is safer as a pack trip.
(Texline, Texas) Clayton—Des Moines—Capulin—Raton US 87.
Texas Line to Raton, 92.6 m.
Two-lane, bituminous-paved roadbed throughout.
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway roughly parallels the route between
Clayton and Mt. Dora, and the Colorado 6c Southern Railroad between Clayton
and Des Moines.
Hotels in Clayton and Raton; tourist camps and gas stations at short intervals.
This route cutting across the northeast corner of New Mexico
traverses a region strewn with masses of black lava rock. In the old
days this was a cattle country and great herds roamed here until the
US 87 crosses the TEXAS LINE, 0 m., at a point 36 miles north-
west of Dalhart, Texas.
CLAYTON, 9.3 m. (5,200 alt., 3,171 pop.), the county seat and
the largest town in Union County, is on a high plateau and its lights
are visible for miles around. The town is on two railroads and serves
as trading and shipping point for ranchers and farmers of the entire
eastern part of the country, which usually has enough snow in winter