tions may greatly enhance knowledge of prehistoric man is indicated in
a report by Edward T. Hall, Jr., archeologist, who has made a study of
this area and says: "Small rock shelters in the sides of canyons have
produced evidence of occupation by a people who are thought to have
been linked with the ancient Basket Makers. Pictographs that were
undoubtedly made by the ancient inhabitants have been located in
various parts of this area. Indications on the ground surface lead the
archeologist to believe that a nomadic hunting people roamed this plain
in search of buffalo, and the early Spaniards report meeting various
groups of Plains Indians camped in this district. We have evidence of
occupation here from about thirteen thousand years ago, and it is easy
to see why the Buffalo Nomads would pick northeastern New Mexico
as a place to live, since there must always have been an abundance of
large game that provided not only food but shelter and clothing. . . .
Since they did not build large permanent houses of masonry, evidence of
their presence in this region is more difficult to find and can be easily
overlooked, but it is here nevertheless."

CUNNINGHAM, 81.6 m., directly south of Johnson Mesa (see
Tour 2a),
is a small agricultural and stock-raising settlement.

In RATON, 92.6 m. (6,400 alt., 7,594 pop.), is the junction with
US 85 (see Tour 1a).

Tour 5

(Antonito, Colorado)—Palmilla—Taos Junction—Ojo Caliente—
Española; NM 74. Colorado Line to Española, 85.7 m.

Two-lane graveled and dirt road.

Denver Sc Rio Grande Western Railroad roughly parallels the route between
the Colorado Line and Taos Junction.
Accommodations in Ojo Caliente.

This is approximately the route followed in 1778-79 by the Spanish
Governor, Lieutenant Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza, in his campaign
against the Comanche chief, Cuerno Verde (Green Horn), for whom
the Greenhorn Mountains in southern Colorado were named. When
the discoverer of Pike's Peak was made a captive he was led along here
en route to Chihuahua, Mexico. Though the region has beautiful
scenery it is known chiefly for mineral springs at Ojo Caliente.

From the COLORADO LINE, 0 m., six miles south of Antonito,
Colorado, NM 74 crosses a flat, grassy plateau lying between distant
mountains.