sizes and forms and in the slanting light of sunset or dawn are in-
In SHIPROCK, 94.3 m. (4,903 alt., 2,131 pop.), is a junction
with US 84 (see Tour 9).
(Alamosa, Colorado) — Chama — Tierra Amarilla — Abiquiu —
Española — Santa Fe — Vaughn — Roswell — Carlsbad — (Pecos,
Texas); US 285.
Colorado Line to Texas Line, 403.8 m.
Graded gravel and bituminous-paved road throughout.
Denver & Rio Grande Western Railroad roughly parallels route between
Colorado Line and Chama; Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway parallels
route between Roswell and the Texas Line.
Accommodations in the larger towns.
This route winds through mountainous country and high plateaus,
through quiet farming villages and places important in New Mexico
history. Part of the way is through two national forests and near fish-
ing, hunting, and recreational areas. In midwinter parts of US 285 in
northern New Mexico are blocked by snow (inquire locally). South
of Santa Fe, the route lies through grazing lands and farm areas, having
a much warmer climate; the altitude of the highway varies from 10,000
feet in the north to 3,000 feet in the south.
Section a. COLORADO LINE to ESPAÑOLA, 96.2 m.
Through Cumbres Pass (10,003 alt.) US 285 crosses the COLO-
RADO LINE, 0 m., at a point 70 miles southwest of Alamosa, Colo-
In 1848 Cumbres Pass was the scene of an attack by United States
troops on a large band of Utes and Apaches. The hero of the battle,
Old Bill Williams, was praised by the commanding officer for gallantry
but condemned by his admirers for ingratitude.
William Sherley Williams (1787-1849) was one of the most eccen-
tric characters in New Mexico. He was born in North Carolina but
raised in Missouri. For a time he was an itinerant preacher, then made
his home with the Osage Indian Nation in Missouri. Preacher Bill's
attempts to convert the Indians ended in his accepting their belief and
being adopted by the tribe; he married an Indian and became the