houses, one to three stories high with the same number of terraces built
upon the rocky slope against the cliff. Two sections of the cliff are
broken by a ledge about halfway up its height, which goes back a few
yards and then meets another straight wall. On this ledge, against and
within this vertical wall, are the remains of another succession of dwell-
ings which are continuous for about 700 yards. These and the dwell-
ings on the lower level show what remains of the houses that covered
a distance of a mile and a half. Stairways cut in the rock ascend to the
great community houses on the mesa above; this house stands near the
edge of the cliff and its southwest corner reaches to within 20 feet of
the very brink.
One subterranean kiva is found against the outer wall of the East
House and another, slightly larger, is about 35 feet in diameter, with
one kiva on the ledge halfway to the top. All these sanctuaries were
dug into the rock. Others are found on the ledge of the cliffs below,
and still others in rocks at the cliff's base.
The Pueblo, a great quadrangle on the mesa top, was an arrange-
ment of four huge terraced community houses surrounding a court and
forming an effective fortification. The outside rooms in each group are
noticeably small and they are believed to have been used for the storage
of grain and other supplies. All the rooms were connected by small
doorways, the sills of which were always about 18 inches above the
ground. Small round ventilation holes, five to ten inches in diameter,
were cut in the sills. Stone plugs were used when ventilation was not
needed. The main entrance to this great community house is at the
southeast corner and is about 17 feet wide at the eastern end, enlarging
to double that width before it opens into the court. A narrow passage-
way about 13 feet wide at the southwest corner of the court separates
the South House of the quadrangle from the other sides.
(Amarillo, Texas) — Texico — Clovis — Fort Sumner — Willard —
Bernardo — Dátil — Quemado — (Springerville, Arizona) ; US 60.
Texas Line to Arizona Line, 363.9 m.
Two-lane, bituminous-paved road most of the route; graveled the remainder.
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway roughly parallels the route between the
Texas Line and Magdalena.
Accommodations in principal towns.
US 60 which links Norfolk, Virginia and Los Angeles, California
runs across the center of New Mexico, east to west, from the wide