LA LUZ, 196.3 m. (4,850 alt., 146 pop.), is a farming community
best known for the beauty of its setting, its public cactus garden, and the
La Luz pottery made near by. The name is an abridgement of Nuestra
Señora de la Luz (Our Lady of Light), the mission founded in 1719
by the Franciscan padres. The first settlers here were immigrants from
Mexico, but its beautiful setting and delightful winter climate have
attracted a more cosmopolitan population. Its courteous citizens, when
asked by visitors to point out the burial place of Anthony Adverse,
indicate different places—under the chapel, under a clump of cactus, or
in any other spot that impulse leads them to designate.
Mountain ranges border the road and directly west are the San
Andrés Mountains, with the White Sands (see Tour 10b) a ribbon
of silver in the distance.
At 198.7 m., is the junction with US 54 (see Tour 13), 5.4 miles
north of Alamogordo and 7 miles south of Tularosa.
Junction with US 85—Madrid—Quarai—Mountainair—Gran Quivira
—Junction with US 54; 180.5 m. NM 10 and NM 15.
Two-lane, graded graveled road except for 11 miles of bituminous pavement
south of US 66.
Although this route is through a region of exceptionally fine vistas
and of coal, gold, and turquoise mines, it is known particularly as the
route to Gran Quivira National Monument.
NM 10 branches south from its junction with US 85, 0 m., at a
point 9.1 miles south of Santa Fe, and traverses the Santa Fe Plateau,
skirts the Cerrillos Hills (R), and cuts through pastures and grazing
land. Ahead are the Ortiz Mountains, where gold was first discovered
in New Mexico, and the Sandia Mountains (R).
At 7.2 m. is the junction with a dirt road.
Right on this road to the Turquoise Mines, 3.4 m. (see Tour 1b).
Southward from 11 m. is a fine view of the Galisteo Valley. Wind-
ing downward, NM 10 crosses several washes that are dangerous when
the water is running.
CERRILLOS (hills), 14.3 m. (5,688 alt., 765 pop.), is the center
of a mining district and a railroad loading point. After the larger mines